Mongolian Delegation Visits Korea for Capacity Building on Anti-Corruption
September 1-7, 2019
From September 1 to 7, The Asia Foundation’s Korea Office hosted a study visit program for a Mongolian delegation to share Korea’s anti-corruption experiences and practices. The Mongolian delegation, consisting of 12 persons in total, included members from Cabinet Secretariat, Judicial General Council, Independent Authority Against Corruption (IAAC), General Prosecutor’s Office, NGO, and academia.
The program was largely divided into lectures and visits. The delegation first attended three lectures by Prof. Myeong Seunghwan (Department of Public Administration, Inha University), Dr. Lee Sunjoong (Senior Researcher, Seoul Institute for Transparency), and Sentencing Commission Chairperson Young-Ran Kim (Former Supreme Court Judge & Former ACRC Chairperson), through which they learned the development process of Korea’s anti-corruption policy and areas where further effort is required.
During their visit to Board of Audit and Inspection (BAI), the delegation members were introduced to its comprehensive public inspection system, which includes both audits of the State account and inspections of duties performed by government agencies and their staffs. At Supreme Prosecutor’s Office, the members took a closer look at an internal inspection system specifically designed for investigating irregularities of public prosecutors. At People’s Solidarity for Participatory Democracy, the only civic group in the program, they were provided with specific cases of citizens’ roles in enhancing transparency in the public service.
The delegation also visited Anti-Corruption & Civil Rights Commission (ACRC) to learn the importance of preventive anti-corruption measures including integrity training and corruption risk assessment. Subsequently, through their visits to Public Procurement Service, Ministry of the Interior and Safety, and Ministry of Personnel Management, the delegation members explored the use of web-based systems, such as Public Ethics and Transparency Initiative (PETI) and Korea ON-line E-Procurement System (KONEPS), to promote transparency in the public sector. Lastly, at Judicial Research and Training Institute, they had active Q & A and discussion sessions on judicial ethics as well as the institute’s curriculum.
Otgontsetseg Shiinen, Director General of Directorate of Judicial Human Resources and Management at Judicial General Council of Mongolia, said, “Korea has consistent pan-government policies and systems for anti-corruption.” “Public service ethics and transparency were two particularly interesting topics and it became clear that high ethical standards and strong discipline among public officials are essential to improving anti-corruption capacity,” she continued. Finally, she said, “The program was of great help in identifying how Mongolia can further improve its budget and legal framework.” “I hope Mongolia also implements capacity building programs for judges and court staff members on the prevention of corruption as well as conflict of interest.”
Dulamsuren Dorjsuren, Head of Prevention and Public Awareness Department of IAAC, added, “Korea’s integrity training, PETI, as well as the Improper Solicitation and Graft Act, will be useful references for Mongolia’s anti-corruption efforts.” She also said, “The study visit program taught us the importance of civic participation in combating corruption.”
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